The purpose of this study is to reconstruct and analyze individual and political episodes of the Italian community living in Portugal (with special regard to the community living in Lisbon) in the first half of the Nineteenth century. This paper outlines a brief profile of the above-mentioned community during the second decade of the century, by referring to two emigrations environments which together delineate the “Italian nation” in Portugal: a first one, strictly political, characterized by the Risorgimento exile, and a second one properly social. The political events that take places in Portugal are the context in which these two lines develop and interact; these events involve a large part of that community. Keywords. Portugal, exile, emigration, Italian Risorgimento, Italians abroad, Nineteenth Century.