The aim of this article is to analyze the continuing clashes that opposed liberals and absolutists in the Portugal between the nineteenth to the twenty’s century. This was a struggle characterized by constant double-crossings and standstill. Losers, never defeated until the end, were never overcome in the new regime, leaving open lines of fracture and continuing instability between: state-church and republic-monarchy. The Miguelistas, absolutist “resistant” to modernization of the country, a symbol of a deep and archaic country, seems to be missing when, facing the crisis of the late twentieth century, riding the fortunes of the new conservative nationalism, came to a new fortune. Oliveira Salazar was one of the main exponents of this deep Portugal based on the old / new ideology laid the foundation for the establishment of the Estado Novo corporatist and organic state.